roman baths thermae

The First Turkish Baths in History

Cleaning is one of the basic requirements for people.  People have preferred water edges for cleaning and they have referred to the sanctity of the rivers.

Ganges for Indians, Euphrates for Assyrians, Nile for Egyptians, are where cleaning takes places. While people try various ways to clean, the most practical way of doing this is with water.

Both the climatic conditions and the thoughts of privacy have created the need for a place to bathe with the settled life.

Hammam works by heating the water and is the general name of the places for washing people.

Hammam is derived from the word “hamm”, which means “to be warm, to be hot” in Arabic.

The meaning of the word. Hammam is “heating place”. it also means the place of bathing.
This is “germâbe” in Persian.

From the earliest periods of human history, various civilizations have built baths. The most important of these are the Romans. and Muslims are due to the sensitivity of Islam to cleanliness. Turks also gave importance to the bath and spread them.

Water structures have gained importance in Muslim societies which give importance to cleanliness due to religious orders.

Although it is not as monumental as the Romans in Islamic cities, it is seen that there is a more widespread bath building culture. The tradition of the Turkish bath extends far back, to a time before Turks had reached Anatolia. Because there was already a Roman-Byzantine bath culture on the land of Islam.  When the Turks arrived in Anatolia, they brought with them one bathing tradition, and were confronted with another, that of Romans and Byzantines, with certain local variants. The traditions merged, and with the addition of the Muslim concern for cleanliness and its concomitant respect for the uses of water, there arose an entirely new concept, that of the Turkish Bath. And then The Ottomans built a large number of public baths wherever the borders of the empire reached. The buildings are similar to the thermae (Roman baths)

In addition to public baths, the Ottomans built small private baths next to some mansions.

The Turkish hamam (also Turkish bath or hamam) is the Middle Eastern variant of a steam bath. Hamam had played an important role in cultures of the Middle-East, serving as places of social gathering, ritual cleansing and as architectural structures, institutions, and (later) elements with special customs attached to them. Europeans learned about the Hamam via contacts with Turkey hence the European name for it: “Turkish hamam.”



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